Single Semi-Fractal Antenna Embracing Wireless Standards of GSM to UWB

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  • Kambakhsh ATHARI
  • Ghangiz GHOBADI
  • Javad NOURINIA


Fractals, Printed Antennas, Monopole antenna, Ultra wideband (UWB), Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM), Global Positioning System (GPS), Personal Communications Service (PCS).


A novel microstrip-fed printed triangular-shaped semi fractal monopole antenna (TSSFMA) is presented. The fractal unit-cell is based
on a triangular geometry. The antenna construction is achieved by assembling the scaled down unit-cells to satisfy fractal space-filling
property. It is shown that by increasing the order of iteration, an antenna is realized which is able to operate across a wide spectrum of
wireless standards such as GSM, UMTS, GPS, PCS, WCDMA,WIMAX, WLAN (802.11b) and UWB. The antenna is compact with a size of
55×42×1 mm3 and it operates across a frequency range extending between 1.53 and 12.79 GHz with VSWR < 2. In this paper, the
improvement process of the impedance bandwidth is presented and discussed.




How to Cite

ATHARI, K., GHOBADI, G., & NOURINIA, J. (2019). Single Semi-Fractal Antenna Embracing Wireless Standards of GSM to UWB. International Journal of Natural and Engineering Sciences, 8(2), 21–24. Retrieved from




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