A Computer Simulation of the Effects of Mass and Momentum of Inertia Alternation in Individual Muscle Forces During Swing Phase of Transtibial Amputee GaitAbstract views: 14 / PDF downloads: 6
Keywords:Simulation- Swing Phase of Gait- Transtibial Amputee
An inverse dynamics computer simulation was carried out to investigate the forces of lower extremity muscles in the swing phase of a transtibial amputee gait. With each muscle as an ideal force generator, the lower extremity was simulated as a twodegrees of freedom linkage with the hip and knee as its joints. Kinematic data of hip and knee joints were recorded by a motion analysis system. Through a static optimization approach, the forces exerted by muscles were determined so that recorded hip and knee joint angles were produced. Simulation results showed that when the mass of prosthetic foot is increased, muscle forces increase, too. Also, if the moment of inertia of prosthetic foot is increased, muscle forces will increase, too. However, since prosthetic foot moment of inertia is smaller than that of thigh and shank, its alternation does not have noticeable effect on muscle forces. These results are in accord to experimental and theoretical studies that reported an increase in leg mass and moment of inertia lead to higher electromyography activity of leg muscles, and energetic of walking.