Modelling Energy Efficiency in Broiler Chicken Production Units Using Artificial Neural Network (ANN)

  • Mohsen Yamini SEFAT
  • Ali Mohammad BORGAEE
  • Babak BEHESHTI
  • Hossein BAKHODA
Keywords: Broiler Chicken, Efficiency, Energy Ratio, Energy Indicators, Artificial Neural networks.


The purpose of the current study is to determine the energy consumption and to investigate the relationship between input and output
energy of producing units for broilers. Accordingly, data was collected from 50 broiler chicken production units using personal
questionnaires in the winter 2013. The total energy and output were estimated at ~220.02 and 30.25 GJ, respectively, per 1000 birds. The
most important energy inputs were gasoline, food, gas and electricity explaining 43.03%, 25.56%, 20.81% and 10.07%, respectively, of the
total energy used. Minimal amounts of energy was inputs including day old birds, equipment and labor explaining 0.27%, 0.16% and
0.10%, respectively, of the total energy used. Energy index, energy ratio, energy efficiency, specific energy and net energy added were
calculatedat0.15, 0.01 Kg/MJ, 76.59 MJ/Kg and 189.77 MJ per 1000 birds. Determination of different forms of energy also revealed that
the contribution of direct energies (26%) was higher than indirect energies (74%); in addition, almost all the energy sources used in the
production of broilers in Alborz Province were nonrenewable (99.90% renewable and 0.10% nonrenewable). Various neural networks
(approximately 600 networks) were assessed to estimate the relative amount of energy used in production units. The results showed that
feedforward neural network with two hidden layers (2 and 16 neurons for energy model) provided the best results; thus, it can be used for
more accurate estimation of energy. The optimal model performance was evaluated using measures such as the coefficient of determination
(R2), MSE, MAPE and MAE. The correlation coefficient for both energy models was reported at 99.