New Urbanism and Urban Design, Tools for Changing Behavioral Patterns of the Citizens

  • Nader ZALI
  • Saman ABIZADEH
Keywords: Urban design, citizens’ behavioral patterns, urban space, new urbanism, behavioral patterns


This paper reviews the importance of physical urban form and urban design in directing citizens’ behavioral patterns. It is of great interest for
new urbanism theoreticians. Due to growing internal travels in the cities, their environmental repercussions, reaching stable travel patterns and
travel demands’ management, urban design tools can be used in the neighborhoods of the city. Previous studies in this focus on the key roles of
residential density, professional density, accessibility, physical design of the neighbourhood, and etc. Neighbourhood design in dense form with
mixed applications and visual and space quality for walking can be effective in reducing car travels and the amount of crossed distance by the
citizens. The extent to which physical design of the neighbourhood and urban design affects citizens’ behavioral patterns is the concern of this